Neurological Disorders:Degenerative Myopathy — is a slowly progressing paralysis of the rear quarters in middle-aged to old German Shepherds. Initially, the dog drags its rear toes slightly and scrapes the tops of the toenails as it walks. This progresses to knuckling over of the rear paws and crossing of the feet during walking. The forelegs function normally, and affected dogs are otherwise in good health.

The disease progresses until affected dogs eventually cannot rise or walk on the rear legs. The rear leg muscles undergo severe wasting (atrophy). The cause of this degeneration in unknown, but the underlying disease is degeneration of the white matter in the spinal cord.

Symptoms of Degenerative Myelopathy

The Status Of Degenerative Myelopathy In German Shepherd Dogs

German Shepherd Degenerative Myelopathy

Degenerative Myelopathy

Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)

Degenerative Myelopathy – Disease Basics

Update on Canine Degenerative Myelopathy

Canine Degenerative Myelopathy

Epilepsy — is relatively common in dogs. Nerve cells in the brain function by transmission of electric impulses. Epilepsy is a sudden, excessive discharge of electrical energy in groups of brain cells, causing a seizure or convulsion. Why this spontaneous discharge occurs, we do not know, but in many cases the condition is hereditary.

Just because a dog seizures, does not mean that he/she has epilepsy. There are a multitude of causes of seizures, including liver disease, kidney disease, antifreeze poisoning, tumors, thyroid problems, low blood sugar, etc.

Epilepsy usually becomes apparent between 6 months and 6 years of age. Nearly all breeds, including mixed breeds, have been affected. Treatment for epilepsy does not cure the disease. Instead, treatment controls the condition by decreasing the frequency, duration, and severity of the seizures.

Other primary causes of seizures though are….

Most Common Toxicologic Causes of Seizures in Dogs

Provided by the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center 24-hour veterinary diagnostic and treatment hotline: 888.426.4435

Category 1: Medications
  • 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP)
  • Amphetamines
  • Diphenhydramine
  • Fluorouracil (5-FU) Cream
  • Fluoroquinolone antibiotics
  • Isoniazid
  • Ibuprofen
  • Ivermectin
  • Lamotrigine
  • Metronidazole
  • Phenylbutazone
  • Phenylpropanolamine
  • Procaine Penicillin G
  • Vilazodone
Category 2: Plants
  • Mushrooms
  • Sago Palm
  • Brunfelsia (Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow)
Category 3: Food
  • Chocolate toxicity
  • Xylitol
  • Caffeine
  • Ethanol
Category 4:

  • Rodenticides
  • Insecticides
  • Metaldehyde
  • Bifenthrin
  • Strychnine
  • Zinc Phosphide
  • 4-Aminopyridine
Category 5:

  • Other Drugs
  • Cocaine
  • Amphetamines
  • Cannabis
  • Synthetic Cannabinoids
  • 4-Aminopyridine
Category 6:

  • Miscellaneous
  • Ethylene Glycol
  • Mycotoxins
  • Bee sting envenomation
  • Homemade play dough or salt dough